Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book. Publisher.
Examples: Sapolsky, R. M. (2017). Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. Penguin Books.
Burley, J., & Harris, J. (2002). A companion to genethics. Blackwell.
Author, A. A. (Copyright Year). Title of book. Publisher. DOI or URL
Example: Rabinowitz, F. E. (2019). Deepening group psychotherapy with men: Stories and insights for the journey. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000132-000
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Name of the Periodical, volume(issue), #-#
Example: Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research: Implications for college students. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1), 17-39
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Name of the Periodical, volume(issue), #-#. https://doi.org/xxxx
Example: McCauley, S. M., & Christiansen, M. H. (2019). Language learning as language use: A cross-linguistic model of child language development. Psychological Review, 126(1), 1-51. https://doi.org/10.103/rev0000126
Author, A.A. (Year, Month Date). Use the page title. Source. http://xxxxx
Example: Bologna, C. (2019, October 31). Why some people with anxiety love watching horror movies. HuffPost.
A parenthetical citation is both the author and the date, separated by a comma. It can appear within or at the end of a sentence. When a parenthetical citation is at the end of a sentence, put the period after the closing parenthesis.
Example: Falsely balanced news coverage can distort the public's perception of expert consensus on an issue (Koehler, 2016).
A narrative citation is when the author appears in running text and the date appears in parentheses immediately after the author name for a narrative citation.
Example: Koehler (2016) noted the dangers of falsely balanced news coverage.
In rare cases, the author and date might both appear in the narrative - in this case, do not use parentheses.
Example: In 2016, Koehler noted the dangers of falsely balanced news coverage.
When citing multiple works, place the citations in alphabetical order, separating them with semicolons.
Example: (Adams et al., 2019; Shumway & Shulman, 2015; Westinghouse, 2017)