The Council of Science Editors scientific style of documentation is used in the biological sciences and many other fields of scientific study as well. Like the Chicago Manual of Style, it offers two approaches for documenting sources: 1) a citation/sequence system and, 2) a name/year system. This guide explains the Citation/Sequence system. A separate guide explains the Council of Science Editors (Name/Year System).
CSE is the format preferred by writers in many disciplines iIn the
natural sciences, including biology, geology, chemistry, mathematics,
and physics. CSE style provides two different citation systems: the Name-Year system
and the Citation-Sequence system (sometimes called the Superscript
system). These systems differ in their presentation of in-text
citations and in the way works cited are listed.
Inserted at the point of reference, superscripted numbers interact with sequentially numbered entries on a References list located at the end of the book or document.
This guide is based on Scientific Styles and Format (6th ed.), a publication of the Council of Science Editors. The standards of documentation they present follow those found in National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation (NLM 1991).
The CSE guide (also formerly known as the CBE guide) is based on Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th edition, 2006. The developers of this citation style were formerly known as the Council of Biology Editors (CBE).
Take a look at the websites below to find useful information for formatting 'in-text and bibliographic citations.