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APA 7th Edition: Media

This guide will help you simplify the APA citation style, which is primarily used by disciplines in the business, social sciences, health, and education fields. The official guide is published by the American Psychological Association.

Audiovisual Media

Clip Art or Stock Image 

Image Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of image. [Clip art]. Publisher. http://xxxxx


GDJ. (2018). Neural network deep learning prismatic [Clip art]. Openclipart.


Parenthetical citation: (GDJ, 2018) 


Photographer, A. A. (copyright year). Title of photograph [Photograph]. Website. http://xxxxx


McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://www.national

Parenthetical citation: (McCurry, 1985)  


Host, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day). Episode title (No. XX)  [Audio podcast episode]. In Title of podcast. Production Company.



Vedantam, S. (Host). (2015-present). Hidden brain [Audio Podcast]. NPR. 

Note: If the URL of the podcast is unknown and accessed through an app, omit the URL

Parenthetical citation: (Vedantam, 2015)  

Song Recording

Artist, A. A. (Year). Title of song [Song]. On Title of album. Label. (Original work published Year).


Beyoncé. (2016). Formation [Song]. On Lemonade. Parkwood; Columbia. 

Parenthetical citation: (Beyoncé, 2016)


Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of work. [Video webinar]. Producer. http://xxxxx


Goldberg, J. F. (2018) Evaluating adverse drug effects [Webinar]. American Psychiatric Association. 

Parenthetical citation: (Goldberg, 2018)