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Citing in APA Format: Periodicals - Print/Electronic Articles

This guide will assist you in citing electronic and print resources. Each tab will indicate the type of resource and how to cite.


Articles from Print Journals

Journal Paginated by Issue:
Author. (Publication Date). Title of article. Journal title, Volume(issue), page range.

Journal Paginated by Volume:
Author. (Publication Date). Title of article. Journal title, Volume, page range.


Jacoby, W. G. (1994). Public attitudes toward government spending. American Journal of Political Science, 38(2), 336-361.


The general format for an article is shown here. The doi (which is an add-on) may be required by your professor. Also a url might be required. See below.

Always remember to indent the line after the first line of the entry.


Here is the text layout for general format (including doi or url):

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, pp–pp.

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical,xx, pp–pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxx



Article from subscription database (give the URL for the publisher of the information, OR the database that you retrieved it from).

Demos, T. (2009, August 17). Argentina's cattle crisis. Fortune, 160(3), 22. Available from        

Valdes, C. (2006). Brazil's booming agriculture faces obstacles. Amber Waves, 4(5), 28-35. Retrieved 


Article from open access source (include the exact URL for the article)

Badke, W. (2008). A rationale for information literacy as a credit-bearing discipline. Journal of Information Literacy, 2(1).

        Retrieved from 

With DOI:

Morio, H., & Buchholz, C. (2008). How anonymous are you online? Examining online social behaviors

            from  a cross-cultural perspective.  AI & Society, 23(2), 297-307.


Journal article with DOI of eight or more authors:

Schwartz, S. J., Weisskirch, R. S., Hurley, E. A., Zamboanga, B. L., Park, I. J. K., Kim, S. Y., . . .

            Greene, A. D. (2010). Communalism, familism, and filial piety: Are they birds of a collectivist

            feather? Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16, 548–560.


When a reference has one to seven authors, spell out all authors’ names in the reference list. When a reference has eight or more authors, list the first six, insert an ellipsis, and then provide the name of the final author. Authors are generally listed in order of contribution to the research, but the last author can also be a contributor of distinction, often the principal investigator (see section 6.27 of the Publication Manual).

Citing In Text:
In text, for studies with one to five authors, spell out all author names on first use; subsequent citations can abbreviate to first author name plus et al. For studies with six or more authors, abbreviate to the first author name plus et al. for all citations:

Journal article with DOI, reprinted from another source, translated

Piaget, J. (1972). Intellectual evolution from adolescence to adulthood (J. Bliss & H. Furth, Trans.).

            Human Development, 15, 1–120. (Original work published 1970)


If you read a translated version of an article, provide translator information in the format “A. Translator, Trans.” in parentheses after the title.

Citing in Text:  In text, cite the original publication date and the date of the translation (Piaget, 1970/1972).

Journal Article without DOI:

Jacobsen, W.C. & Forste, R. (2011). The Wired Generation: Academic and Social Outcomes of

            Electronic Media Use Among University Students. CyberPsychology, Behavior & Social

            Networking, 14(5). Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.

  • Include the issue number when the journal is paginated by issue (i.e., each issue begins with page 1). Otherwise, include only the volume number.
  • If there is no DOI assigned, give the URL of the journal’s home page.
  • No retrieval date is needed because the journal article content will not change over time.
  • The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is preferred by the APA.  In fact the Manual does not include a direct example of a citation where the database from which an article came is named, though the APA Style Guide to Electronic References says doing so is permitted in a citation. 

 Based upon the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, sections 6.31 and 7.01, and the APA Style Guide to Electronic References.



An Abstract as original source
Lassen, S. R., Steele, M. M., & Sailor, W. (2006). The relationship of school-wide positive behavior support to academic

        achievement in an urban middle school. Psychology in the Schools, 43, 701–712.

        Abstract retrieved from

Although it is preferable to cite the full text of an article, abstracts can be used as sources and included in the reference list if the full text is not available.

An Abstract as secondary source
Hare, L. R., & O’Neill, K. (2000). Effectiveness and efficiency in small academic peer groups. Small Group Research, 31, 

        24–53. Abstract retrieved from Sociological Abstracts database. (Accession No. 200010185)

Although it is preferable to cite the full text of an article, abstracts can be used as sources and included in the reference list. The term secondary source refers to abstracts, article summaries, book reviews, and so forth, that are derived from
primary sources (e.g., journal articles and books), often by someone other than the original author(s). In scholarly research, it is preferable to read and cite primary sources.

Database names and abstract identifiers (if applicable) may be given for material of limited circulation.

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